Research

Research interests

My research is focused on microgrids and hydrogen energy integration. Microgrids may be defined as small power systems with local power generation, storage and consumption, which can be connected to the main electric grid or not. Keywords related to my research in this area include:

  • Microgrids, electric power systems, cyber-physical energy systems
  • Energy management, renewable energy integration, resilience, sizing, demand response
  • Hydrogen energy, fuel cells and electrolyzers integration, diagnostics and prognostics
  • Agent-based control systems, optimization, real-time simulation, co-simulation

Publications

See my Google Scholar profile.

Selected current projects

I am involved in the following projects, as a project coordinator or as a scientific participant.

HyLES

  • Funding: French national research agency (ANR), 2021-2024
  • Partners: GEPASUD, LE2P Energy Lab, SPE, FEMTO-ST
  • Website (not yet available)

This project will focus on the integration of hydrogen energy in islands weakly and not interconnected to larger electric grids, with the goal of enabling 100% carbon-free electricity supply. It will investigate the technical, economic and societal challenges related to this integration, while studying the possible solutions at both the neighborhood and island levels. Three case studies will be carried out: Corsica, La Réunion and French Polynesia.

HyDATA

This project investigates the use of fuel cells to decarbonize the backup supply of datacenters, traditionally done with diesel generators. Two demonstrators will be installed in Extendo’s datacenter in Belfort.

HYCAUNAIS

  • Funding: French energy agency (ADEME), 2019-2025
  • Partners: STORENGY, AREVA H2Gen, Electrochaea, Engie Green, Engie Lab, SDEY, Yonne Energie, FEMTO-ST
  • Website (not yet available)

This project aims to prove the techno-economic feasibility and replicability of a power-to-gas plant coupled to a wind farm and waste-based biogas plant. The produced methane will either be injected in the gas grid or used for mobility. It will also investigate how a MW-scale electrolyzer can provide flexibility in the provision of several services to the plan and/or the grid.

DATAZERO 2

This project is a continuation of the DATAZERO project. It mainly focuses on uncertainty management and mitigation, infrastructure reconfiguration, and IT and power resources scheduling.

RECIF

The goal of this project is to design and test an isolated micro-grid for cogeneration of electricity and cold. The system aims to intelligently integrate renewable generation, hydrogen energy storage and thermochemical process for the supply of electricity and cold. A pilot demonstrator will be installed in French Polynesia.

HAEOLUS

This project aims to install a 2.5 MW PEM electrolyzer in the Raggovidda wind farm in Norway, whose growth is limited by grid bottlenecks. Several business models (energy storage, mini-grid, fuel production) will be evaluated for the use of the produced hydrogen. A particularity of the wind farm is that it is difficult to access and is operating in arctic conditions, which requires remote monitoring and control capabilities, as well as minimal maintenance. Our technical focus in the project is on the diagnostics and prognostics of the system. We also lead the dissemination work package.

Finished projects

DATAZERO

The goal of this project is to design a 1 MW datacenter entirely powered by renewable energy. This is achieved through a negotiation between the IT side and the electrical side, which is expected to help find a tradeoff between IT quality of service, costs and reliability. On the electric side, we consider PV panels, wind turbines, batteries and hydrogen storage in the form of an electrolyzer and a fuel cell. Our work is on system structure and interactions, modeling the microgrid with a focus on aging, and energy management.

MEAN4SG

This project is a European training network, which aims at training 11 PhD researchers in the field of smart grid metrology. Each PhD student, also called early stage researcher or ESR, is based at an institution and spends several months at three secondment institutions. He/she also participates in multiple dedicated training events. The work of the ESR is focused on supraharmonics, which are harmonics in the range of 2 to 150 kHz. The final aim is to design a calibration platform for the measurement of such signals.

Other finished projects

  • Passivity-based control of hydrogen-based microgrids
  • Coordination of interconnected microgrids in collaboration with CIAD
  • Sizing and energy management of hydrogen-based microgrids
  • Innovative pricing schemes for residential demand-side management, in collaboration with Colorado State University and South Dakota State University
  • Energy management in smart neighborhoods with local energy trading, in collaboration with Colorado State University
  • Agent-based control system for gas turbines power plants, in collaboration with GE Power & Water
  • Agent-based battery management system for large battery packs, in collaboration with LE2I

People

Postdocs:

  • Dr. Hanqing Wang (since 2020)
  • Dr. Meiling Yue (since 2019)
  • Dr. Raffaele Petrone (2019)
  • Dr. Berk Celik (2017-2018)

PhD students:

  • Qian Li (since 2019)
  • Hugo Lambert (since 2019)
  • Dr. Suyao Kong (2016-2020)
  • Dr. Jin Wei (2015-2019)
  • Dr. Deepak Amaripadath (2016-2019)
  • Dr. Bei Li (2015-2018)
  • Dr. Berk Celik (2014-2017)
  • Dr. Feng Yang (2014-2017)

Interns (Master’s):

  • Corey Duncan (since 2020)
  • Francesco Vitale (2019-2020)
  • Suyao Kong (2016)

Facilities

As FCLAB members, we have access to its facilities for safe, long term tests using hydrogen equipment, such as fuel cells and electrolyzers. In addition to that, we also have a kW-scale DC microgrid we use for some of our research (see figure below), as well as other extensive hardware-in-the-loop equipment from Typhoon HIL.